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Book Title: Contre les païens|
The author of the book: Athanasius of Alexandria
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Format files: PDF
The size of the: 4.18 MB
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Date of issue: April 4th 2006
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Souvent présenté comme une seule œuvre en deux volumes, le « Contra Gentes » et le « De Incarnatione », datent sans doute du milieu du IVe siècle. Puisant largement dans la tradition apologétique et platonicienne, Athanase condamne l'idolâtrie et le polythéisme, et suggère la possibilité humaine de parvenir à la perfection grâce à la purification de l'âme, en soulignant la faiblesse humaine et l'initiative divine du Verbe incarné. Dans cet œuvre apologétique Athanase réfute les erreurs de la religion païenne et répond aux calomnies et aux railleries des Grecs contre les croyances chrétiennes, surtout contre la Croix du Christ. La première partie est donc une réfutation du polythéisme et de l'idolâtrie, la seconde une démonstration positive de l'existence du vrai Dieu. Cette apologie décevra peut-être le lecteur moderne, mais il faut se rappeler qu'elle n'est que la première partie d'un ouvrage plus vaste consacré au mystère de l'Incarnation du Verbe (SC 199).
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Read information about the authorAthanasius of Alexandria (Greek: Ἀθανάσιος Ἀλεξανδρείας, Athanásios Alexandrías)(Arabic: البابا أثناسيوس الرسولي) (b. ca. 296-298 – d. 2 May 373), also referred to as St. Athanasius the Great, St. Athanasius I of Alexandria, St Athanasius the Confessor and (primarily in the Coptic Orthodox Church) St Athanasius the Apostolic, was the 20th bishop of Alexandria. His episcopate lasted 45 years (c. 8 June 328 – 2 May 373), of which over 17 were spent in five exiles ordered by four different Roman emperors. He is considered to be a renowned Christian theologian, a Church Father, the chief defender of Trinitarianism against Arianism, and a noted Egyptian leader of the fourth century.
He is remembered for his role in the conflict with Arius and Arianism. In 325, at the age of 27, Athanasius had a leading role against the Arians in the First Council of Nicaea. At the time, he was a deacon and personal secretary of the 19th Bishop of Alexandria, Alexander. Nicaea was convoked by Constantine I in May–August 325 to address the Arian position that Jesus of Nazareth is of a distinct substance from the Father.
In June 328, at the age of 30, three years after Nicæa and upon the repose of Bishop Alexander, he became archbishop of Alexandria. He continued to lead the conflict against the Arians for the rest of his life and was engaged in theological and political struggles against the Emperors Constantine the Great and Constantius II and powerful and influential Arian churchmen, led by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others. He was known as "Athanasius Contra Mundum". Within a few years of his departure, St. Gregory of Nazianzus called him the "Pillar of the Church". His writings were well regarded by all Church fathers who followed, in both the West and the East. His writings show a rich devotion to the Word-become-man, great pastoral concern, and profound interest in monasticism.
Athanasius is counted as one of the four Great Doctors of the Church in the Roman Catholic Church and in Eastern Orthodoxy, he is labeled the "Father of Orthodoxy". He is also celebrated by many Protestants, who label him "Father of The Canon". Athanasius is venerated as a Christian saint, whose feast day is 2 May in Western Christianity, 15 May in the Coptic Orthodox Church, and 18 January in the other Eastern Orthodox Churches. He is venerated by the Roman Catholic Church, Oriental and Eastern Orthodox churches, the Lutherans, and the Anglican Communion.
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